Boris Johnson is to try again for a 12 December general election on Tuesday – despite MPs rejecting his plan.
The prime minister will publish a bill that would only need a simple majority to succeed – not two thirds as required in previous attempts.
But he would still need support from Lib Dems and the SNP for it to pass.
Mr Johnson told MPs Parliament was “dysfunctional” and could “no longer keep this country hostage” but Labour said the PM could not be trusted.
The Commons backed the government’s election motion by 299 to 70 – well short of the two-thirds majority needed under the Fixed-Term Parliaments Act.
All Conservative MPs backed the motion – but the vast majority of Labour MPs abstained, along with the SNP and DUP. All but one Lib Dem MPs voted against it.
The vote came after the PM officially accepted the EU’s offer of an extension to the Brexit process to 31 January.
This means the UK will not now leave the EU on Thursday – 31 October – a promise Mr Johnson had repeatedly made since he became prime minister.
Mr Johnson said he would persist with his efforts to get an early election, telling MPs that “one way or another” the current deadlock had to be broken.
Commons leader Jacob Rees-Mogg said the government wants the House of Commons to debate all stages of a bill for a 12 December election on Tuesday.
Usually a bill is debated over the course of several days, but Mr Rees-Mogg said the legislation would be “extremely short, simple, and limited in scope”.
The bill would also have to pass through the House of Lords at a later date if it is to come into effect.
He added that the government would not be bringing back its Withdrawal Agreement Bill, required to put Mr Johnson’s Brexit deal into law.
The legislation for an election the PM is proposing for Tuesday would require a lower threshold for approval and, crucially, the Liberal Democrats and the SNP have indicated they might be prepared to support it.
The DUP, which opposes Mr Johnson’s Brexit agreement and which abstained in Monday’s vote, could also potentially come on board.
However, there are arguments over the date of an election.
Ahead of the vote on Tuesday, BBC political correspondent Nick Eardley indicated that opposition parties had yet to commit to backing the bill.